The History of Psychology
This period was
characterized by an increased confidence in human ability and a focus on the
value of the matters of living in this world.
This attitude (as distinguished from preparing for the afterlife, which
dominated the former European mind) first appeared in
1528 Gilles le Breton
- French Renaissance Architecture
Fontainebleau, 1528 Gilles le Breton - French Renaissance Architecture
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c 1525-1594) was one of the greatest of Italian Renaissance musical composers. This artisan broke the bonds of earlier sacred musical restrictions by developing a systematic means of sounding several voices together at one time “polyphony” – the core of all modern western music.
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola's
(1463-1494) Oration on the Dignity of Man (excerpt from Richard Hooker at
Niccolò Machiavelli’s (1469-1527) The Prince (is the first great modern thesis on the use power. Machiavelli describes in behavioral terms, unimpeded by the ethics of the Church or conscience, how a leader acts to maintain control. Finally, the actions of the Prince are in the best interest of the society that he leads, but this end justifies practically any means.
Francis Bacon's (1561-1626) New Atlantis (
1564–1616 (thanks to Jeremy Hylton) the great poet and playwright was also a remarkably penetrating psychological thinker. Although some have considered his view of humans as pessimistic, others see this marvelous thinker as a realist in his portrayal of the thoughts and actions of people.
Blaise Pascal's (1623-1662) Pensees (Cyberlibrary) (thoughts for an unpublished book) explores the use of logic versus feeling in determining the human situation. This great founder of probability theory (statistics) and formulator of truly elegant language concludes that intuition (feeling) is a viable facet of inquiry in relation to logic.